Post Traumatic Arthritis is a severe accidental injury to a joint’s surface that could damage the articular cartilage, supporting muscular tissue and ligaments and contribute to poor joint stability and early wear and tear. Degenerative changes of the surface area of a joint due to trauma in turn could lead in post-traumatic arthritis a condition characterized by pain, stiffness and/or fluid on the join.
The mechanism of post-traumatic arthritis is not well understood. The theory that you could develop post-traumatic arthritis after a severe accident or fall is established on factors such as loss of motility, stiffness and articulation instability. Degenerative changes might not show up till a few years after the injury.
From the weight bearing joints hip, knee and the ankle is the more common joint to suffer post-traumatic arthritis. This is possible due to the anatomical location of the joint. This is a very confined joint with a very precise surface contact of the shinbone (tibia) and anklebone (talus) bones.
The Hip joint of the post-traumatic arthritic sufferer will sustain lose of flexibility, strength and grow bone spurs between the ball and socket anatomical structure of the hip joint as the condition exacerbates. The knee is the most forgiving of post-traumatic arthritis.
Intra-articular injuries are frequently the result of injuries such as traffic accidents, some types of sports, dislocations and hard falls and after some surgical procedures. Because of their nature, an individual assessment must be made regarding the need for treatment to seek to reinstate natural anatomical relationships.
You should talk to your doctor about the most effective treatment choices for pain, inflammation, joint movement and joint stability with the intent to prevent speedup of wear and tear of the articular cartilage. Slowly, treatment for post-traumatic arthritis is forward-moving.
In its earlier phases the condition is treated with conservative, non operative steps. Life-style changes such as slimming down, take up sport and different activities that produce minimal exacerbation to the condition, physical exercise to help step-up range of motion, have physiotherapy, using energy-absorbing footwear and applying supportive devices could be very assistive measures.
Your doctor is likely to provide his judgment on the likelihood that you will not be able to carry on with your physically rigorous job when you are 50 or 60 years old or that your condition will progress to the point where you could need a joint unification or a total joint replacement. Anti-inflammatory drugs, glucosamine and chondroitin supplements, joint fluid therapy are none surgical alternatives to assist you increase quality of life with post-traumatic arthritis.
Post-Traumatic Arthritis Surgical Treatments
Ankle fusion: This is a surgical operation performed to reduce the pain related with ankle joint arthritis. It involves the removal of the joint cartilage; correctly repositioning of the ankle and foot bones and positioning of screws, or pins to hold them together around the ankle. They can then grow together into a homogeneous painless structure. When fused, the ankle generally is painless
Hip and knee arthroscopy: This is a surgical procedure for diagnosing and treating certain hip and knee disorders including arthritis of the hip and knee by offering a well-defined view of the inner side of the hip.
Hip and knee total replacement: This is some other surgical operation that has assisted hundreds of thousands of people to increase their mobility and allay pain. It involves the replacement of an impaired painful joint with a functional, artificial one.
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